Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is located in the Himalayas, bordered to north by Republic of China and to south, east and west by Republic of India. Nepal represents a blend of ancient history, vibrant cultures and scenic grandeur. Nepal’s main geographical features include snow-capped peaks, lower mountains, mid hills and fertile plains of tropical jungles. Nearly one-third of the total length of the Himalayas and 8 of the world's 14 highest peaks including Everest (8848 meters), the highest peak of the world lies in Nepal. Nepal is world famous for its Trekking Holidays. The land locked country covers an area of 147,181 sq. kilometers ranging from 70 meters to the highest point at 8848 meters above sea level. Nepal's popularity as a tourist destination has been increased vastly over the years. While Mountaineering, Hiking and Trekking in Nepal have long been popular, an entire range of other adventure activities is also being carried out.
Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and attitudinal variation. More than 61 ethnic groups dwell in this land where around 70 dialects have been in practice. The rich cultures and vibrant traditions, exquisite temples and monuments as well as fast flowing rivers and tropical jungles teeming with wildlife of course provide you the first hand experience. However, all the people from different races and religions have been living harmoniously.
Nepal at a Glance
- Area: 147,181 Sq.KM
- Geography: Situated between China in the north and India in the south, East and west.
- Location: Latitude 26▪12 to 30▪ 27’ north and Longitude 80▪40’ to 88▪12’ East.
- Capital: Kathmandu Population: 28.47 Million (2012)
- Languages: Nepali
- Currency: Nepalese Rupee
- Political System: Federal Democratic Republic
- Religion: Hinduism is the main religion. Also has significant number of Buddhist, Christian and Muslim.
- People: More than 101 ethnic Groups and 92 spoken Languages
- Winter: December to February.
- Spring: March to May.
- Summer: June to August.
- Autumn: September to November.
Nepal- occupying only 0.1 % of the total landmass of the earth is home to
- 2 % of all the flowering plants in the world.
- 8% of the world's population of birds (more than 848 species)
- 4% of mammals on earth.
- 11 of the world's 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species).
- 600 indigenous plant families.
- 319 species of exotic orchids.